DONATING ASSETS TO CARE FOR A SECOND FAMILY ON DEATH: MUST THE CURRENT SPOUSE CONSENT?
Marais N.O. and Another v Maposa and Others (642/2018)  ZASCA 23 (25 March 2020)
Where A, married in community of property to B, donates valuables to C with whom he was in a longstanding relationship and with whom he had a second family, what must C show to a court that the donation was valid despite the fact that B had no knowledge thereof? The Matrimonial Property Act states that where parties are married in community of property each can in general deal with assets as they please, except that consent from the other is necessary in certain instances, such as a donation. However, it also provides that where one spouse acts in contravention hereof in a transaction with a third party, that transaction will be deemed to be valid, despite the absence of the consent, if the third party could not reasonably have known that such consent was necessary but not obtained.
The Judgment can be viewed here.
YOUR AGREEMENT v YOUR INTENTIONS AT THE TIME
Auckland Park Theological Seminary v University of Johannesburg (1160/2018)  ZASCA 24 (25 March 2020)Friday, 03 April 2020
It happens so often that parties conclude a written agreement, stating that the content thereof embodies the full extent of their obligations, and then afterwards, when problems arise, they seek to introduce details that they thought were common cause. In the present case, the university leased property to a company under a registered long term lease. When the company ceded these rights to a third party which sought to effect certain alteration, it was suddenly argued that the initial lease was unique and particular to the parties involved, and therefore incapable of cession. The judgment illustrates the difficulties and highlights again how important it is to make sure that agreements contain a proper (and informed) record of the parties’ intentions.